Engineering and Environmental Sciences
Przegląd Naukowy Inżynieria i Kształtowanie Środowiska
Application of bender-type piezoelements for assessment of initial unsaturated soil stiffness with controlled suction
SKUTNIK, Z. (0000-0003-3228-4936), BILINIAK, M., SOBÓL, E. (0000-0001-9766-090X), SAS, W. (0000-0002-5488-3297)
bender elements, small-strain stiffness, unsaturated soil, matric suction
The paper presents an evaluation of the influence of the degree of saturation of soil with water on its stiffness in the range of small deformations. Appropriate analysis of the interaction of the building structure with the subsoil carried out with the use of numerical methods requires the knowledge of parameters, in particular stiffness characteristics in the range of deformations corresponding to the actual conditions of the structure’s work. Usually the deformations of the subsoil caused by the structure do not exceed 10–3, therefore it is particularly important for the geotechnical engineer to determine the soil stiffness in the range of deformations 10–5–10–3. In order to determine the stiffness characteristics of cohesive subsoil, a triaxial compression apparatus equipped with piezoelectric elements of bender type was used, enabling the measurement of the transverse wave velocity inside the sample. The base of the described triaxial apparatus is equipped with high-pressure air entry ceramics (HAEV), which allowed to use the technique of “axis translation” to perform tests for variable (controlled) degree of saturation of the soil sample with water. In the literature, the degree of saturation (Sr) and soil moisture are mentioned as one of many factors which, apart from physical properties, values of effective stresses, voids index, stress history and others, infl uence the velocity of wave propagation in the ground. The publication describes the methodology of research and presents the results of own research.
APA style references: Skutnik, Z., Biliniak, M., Soból, E. & Sas, W. (2019). Application of bender-type piezoelements for assessment of initial unsaturated soil stiffness with controlled suction. Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 28 (3), 405-416. doi: 10.22630/PNIKS.2019.28.3.38
APA style citation in text: The first time citation in text: (Skutnik, Biliniak, Soból & Sas, 2019), next citation: (Skutnik et al., 2019)
Chicago style references: Skutnik, Zdzisław, Marcin Biliniak, Emil Soból, Wojciech Sas. "Application of bender-type piezoelements for assessment of initial unsaturated soil stiffness with controlled suction." Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences, 85 ser., vol. 28, no 3, (2019): 405-416. doi: 10.22630/PNIKS.2019.28.3.38.
Chicago style citation in text: (Skutnik et al. 2019)
Bibtxt style references: Bibtxt_utf8_85art9en.bib
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